Partisan Warfare, Anti-Soviet
- Soviet authorities faced a partisan threat from Ukrainian and Baltic citizens from the first days of World War II. In Lvov in the Ukraine and in Lithuania, nationalists fired on retreating Soviet soldiers in 1941. Moreover, some Soviet soldiers deserted their formations and joined these groups. During the war, these partisan formations grew, developed secret governments, and operated against both the German occupation forces and Soviet partisan bands.In 1945 Moscow faced organized military opposition in the Baltic states and western Ukraine. In Lithuania and in some districts of the western Ukraine, nationalists controlled the majority of the populations. Soviet troops following the Germans into the regions were immediately thrown into battle against new enemies. NKVD special groups organized by the Chief Directorate for the Struggle against Banditry (Glavnoe upravlenie borby s banditizom) operated in rebel areas against the partisans, while the military controlled large towns and cities. They established informant nets and forced the rural areas to form self-defense units to isolate partisan commands from their supporters in the population. The NKVD also formed “false gangs” of partisans, which moved into villages to test support for the partisans and the communist authorities. Villages that welcomed these “partisans” were ruthlessly punished. Captured partisans were severely interrogated and sentenced to lengthy prison terms. Moscow’s struggle against the anti-Soviet partisans reflected a set of sophisticated political and social policies. There was an exchange of Polish and Ukrainian populations with Poland, which ended the ability of Ukrainian partisans to escape inside Poland. The clergy of the Greek-rite Catholic (Uniate) Church in the western Ukraine were arrested or forced to become Russian Orthodox. In Lithuania, hundreds of Roman Catholic clergy were arrested, and many were deported with their flocks to Siberia. There were positive steps as well: money went into the rebuilding of schools, and some children were selected for secondary and higher education in Kiev and Moscow.Resistance to Soviet authority in these regions lasted until the early 1950s. Efforts by Western intelligence agencies to maintain contact with anti-Soviet partisans failed. Deportation of villagers identified as partisan supporters intensified: more than 8 percent of the population of the western Ukraine was deported in 1946–1950. The hunt for partisan leaders intensified. On 5 March 1950, the Soviets identified the hiding place of the commander of the Ukraine Insurgent Army (UKS) and killed him. Resistance in the western Ukraine and Lithuania gradually ended in 1952–1955. In the 1960s and 1970s, many of the deportees returned to their native villages, but thousands died in exile in Siberia and Central Asia.
Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. Robert W. Pringle. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Soviet partisans — The Soviet partisans were members of a resistance movement which fought a guerrilla war against the Axis occupation of the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The movement was coordinated and controlled by the Soviet government and modeled… … Wikipedia
Guerrilla warfare — Guerrilla redirects here. For other uses, see Guerrilla (disambiguation). Warfare Military history Eras Prehistoric Ancient … Wikipedia
Military history of the Soviet Union — Joseph Stalin and Kliment Voroshilov depicted saluting a military parade in Red Square above the message Long Live the Worker Peasant Red Army a Dependable Sentinel of the Soviet Borders! The military history of the Soviet Union began in the days … Wikipedia
Asymmetric warfare — originally referred to war between two or more belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly. Contemporary military thinkers tend to broaden this to include asymmetry of strategy or tactics; today asymmetric warfare can… … Wikipedia
Unconventional warfare (United States Department of Defense doctrine) — In US doctrine, unconventional warfare (abbreviated UW) is the term for guerilla warfare conducted or supported by United States Army Special Forces (SF) and other units in the United States Special Operations Command. Guerilla warfare is one… … Wikipedia
Men-at-Arms — Pays Royaume Uni Langue Anglais Genre Histoire milit … Wikipédia en Français
10th Special Forces Group (United States) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 10th Special Forces Group caption=10th Special Forces Group beret flash dates= 19 June 1952 Present country= United States of America allegiance= United States of America branch= United States Army type= role=… … Wikipedia
Bibliography — Any historian of the Russian intelligence and security services is bedeviled by questions of quantity and quality of information. This bibliography is a selection of relevant and important books and articles mostly in English and Russian that… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Continuation War — Part of Eastern Front of World War II Finnish StuG III Ausf. G assault guns on parade … Wikipedia
Ukrainian Insurgent Army — Українська Повстанська Армія Ukrayins’ka Povstans’ka Armiya Participant in World War II … Wikipedia